Feasibility study of pressure boiled method on defibrillation stalk sweet sorghum fibres waste

Ismojo, Rangga Hadiwibowo, Anne Zulfia, Mochamad Chalid

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Today, due to environmental reasons and limited of fossil resources take many researchers to develop new and renewable materials. Bio-composites which is consisted of synthetic polymers matrix and natural fibres, is one of the alternatives to reducing its problems. Among of natural fibre that has good potential to be used as reinforcement in synthetic polymer matrices is sorghum fibre. However the hydrophilic nature of natural fibers causes it to be incompatible with synthetic polymer matrices which have hydrophobic properties and it’s need to surface modified with particular treatment. The aim of this work was conducted to study the effect of hydrothermal treatment through pressure boiled method by using distilled water in a pressurized stainless steel pan cooking for 5 minutes to defibrillation and hydrophilic properties of stalk sweet sorghum fibres. Evaluation of the experiments was characterized with Field-Emission Scanning Electron microscope (FE-SEM), Fourier Transformation Infra-Red (FTIR) Spectroscopy and sessile drop test instruments, respectively. The experiment was found that using hydrothermal treatments through pressure boiled method led to a removal of binding materials, such as a wax, hemicellulose and lignin, and enhancement the hydrophilic properties of sorghum fibres.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFrontiers of Composite Materials III
EditorsRamesh K. Agarwal, Martin Martin
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages71-75
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9783035714616
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Event3rd International Conference on Frontiers of Composite Materials, ICFCM 2018 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 16 Nov 201818 Nov 2018

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume951 MSF
ISSN (Print)0255-5476

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Frontiers of Composite Materials, ICFCM 2018
CountryAustralia
CitySydney
Period16/11/1818/11/18

Keywords

  • Bio-composites
  • Cellulose
  • Compatibility
  • Defibrillation
  • Hydrothermal
  • Natural fibres

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  • Cite this

    Ismojo, Hadiwibowo, R., Zulfia, A., & Chalid, M. (2019). Feasibility study of pressure boiled method on defibrillation stalk sweet sorghum fibres waste. In R. K. Agarwal, & M. Martin (Eds.), Frontiers of Composite Materials III (pp. 71-75). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 951 MSF). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.951.71