Fat and vitamin E intake affect multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients' quality of life: A cross-sectional study

Maria Lucia Fitri, Fariz Nurwidya, Nurul Ratna Mutu Manikam, Inge Permadhi, Neni Sawitri, Budi Rahayu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between fat and vitamin E intake with quality of life in patients with pulmonary MDR-TB. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Dr. M. Goenawan Partowidig do Hospital, Cisarua, Indonesia, from April to May 2019. Ninety-two patients were enrolled in this study. Fat intake was assessed using 24 hours food recall, vitamin E intake was assessed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and quality of life was obtained by a short form 36 questionnaire (SF 36). Data were analyzed using Pearson and Spearman correlation test. RESULTS: Subjects' mean fat intake was 32.9 ± 11.1% of total calories per-day, which meant that most of the subjects consumed enough fat. Mean vitamin E intake was 4.6 ± 2.7 mg/day, which did not meet the recommended dietary allowance (RDA). The mean quality of life score was 47.22 ± 14.9. There was a significant association between fat intake and quality of life (r = 0.22; p = 0.032) and vitamin E intake with quality of life (r = 0.22, p = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant association between fat and vitamin E intake with quality of life among pulmonary MDR-TB patients. Further research is needed to evaluate the intervention by modifying food intake and giving vitamin E to MDR-TB patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S53-S57
JournalJPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Volume71 2)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis, Vitamin E, Quality of Life.

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