Malaria outbreak in the period of 1998-2003 was occurred in 15 province including 84 endemic villages with number of cases of 27 000 and deaths of 368. Big cattles such as cow, horse and buffalo have been known as cattle barrier for malaria, while others have not been investigated yet. The objective of this research was to know the dominant factor related to cattle which influenced malaria in village area. The secondary data from ‘Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2007” had been used in this research with total population of 618593 who lived in village area and was analyzed using logistic regression test. Cattle as independent variable was divided into four categories, they were poultry (chicken, bird, and duck), big cattle (cow, horse and buffalo), medium cattle (pig, sheep, and goat), and small cattle (cat, dog, and rabbit). The most dominant factor for protection of malaria was medium cattle (pig, sheep, and, goat) as protective with Odds Ratio of 0.52 (0.50-0.54). The other cattle had Odds Ratios less than 2, although they had p value < 0.05. The medium cattle was the dominant factor influenced malaria in village area, while others did not have effect.
|Journal||Kesmas: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2010|