Factors related to dental caries in children (3-5 years) at Grogol Utara, South Jakarta

Iwany Amalliah Badruddin, Febriana Setiawati, Rizqi Assyifa Fauzia, Rezky Fauziah Permatasari, Preticia Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Dental caries is the most prevalent oral disease in Indonesian children. For children aged 3-5 years, its occurrence is related to feeding patterns and behavior. We determined factors contributing most to dental caries occurrence in children 3-5 years old. A cross-sectional health screening study was carried out in the Grogol Utara area of South Jakarta. Two calibrated examiners collected oral health status with decayed, extracted and filled teeth (deft), and plaque indexes. Feeding pattern was collected using a structured questionnaire. Multivariate analysis was performed comparing dental caries, feeding pattern, oral health behavior, and sociodemographic characteristics. Of all 165 subjects, 82.4% had caries. On bivariate analysis, the contact time of breastmilk and teeth, formula milk frequency, and child's age showed significant relationships with dental caries. Predictive modeling showed that 30% of factors related to dental caries fit with available data. Therefore, oral hygiene and child's age are the most important factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1457-1462
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Early childhood caries
  • Feeding pattern
  • Oral hygiene


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