Factors related to anxiety before surgery in children in urological operating rooms

Erlis Kurniasari, Nur Agustini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study aimed to determine the factors associated with preoperative anxiety in school-age children and adolescents at one of top hospital in the capital city of Indonesia. This study used ana-lytical cross-sectional study. The selection of respondents used proportional stratified random sampling with a total of 86 respondents consisting of 43 school age children and 43 adolescents. Data analysis employed was the Chi-Square and Independent T-Test. The results showed that anxiety was being experienced by 54.7% of respondents. In this study, it was found that there was a significant relationship (p<α) among children anxiety before surgery and age, family presence, previous operating experience and patient waiting time. Meanwhile, there was no significant relationship between gender and anxiety level before surgery in chil-dren. The results of this study can be used as the basis and refer-ence for the hospital in making policies regarding efforts to man-age anxiety before surgery in children. Accordingly, nurses could make appropriate nursing care interventions in preoperative patients to overcome preoperative anxiety experienced by school-age children and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number261
JournalPediatria Medica e Chirurgica
Issue numbers1
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2021


  • Adolescent
  • preoperative anxiety
  • school-age children


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