Introduction: Renal transplantation offers a better quality of life and survival rate for patients with end-stage renal disease. However, voiding dysfunction may have results such as decreased bladder capacity that have been observed in patients with prolonged oliguria or anuria, impacting a patient's quality of life. This study aimed to investigate preoperative factors associated with the occurrence of voiding dysfunction after renal transplantation. Methods: Seventy-one patients’ data who had undergone successful renal transplantation at Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital in Jakarta were collected. Preoperative characteristics including age, sex, history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, preoperative anuria, and duration of renal substitution therapy were obtained. Multivariate analysis were performed examining the correlation of preoperative characteristics with postoperative voiding dysfunction measured by International Prostate Symptom Score storage (IPSS-s) sub-score > 5, overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) > 5, maximum flow rate (Qmax) > 15 mL/cc, and postvoid residual volume (PVR) > 50 mL. Results: A significant correlation of IPSS-s score suggesting storage problem with duration of preoperative dialysis was observed (odds ratio [OR] 1.052; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.006-1.1001, P =.027). Older age and preoperative anuria were positively correlated with OABSS score > 5 (OR 1.104 and 33.567, P value.004 and.002, respectively). Negative correlation was observed between male sex and Qmax > 15mL/s (OR 1.73; 95% CI 0.033-1.907, P =.038). Male sex was negatively correlated with PVR > 50 mL (OR 0.231; P =.043) but positively correlated with the presence history of diabetes mellitus (OR 8.146; 95% CI 1.548-42.864, P =.013). Conclusion: This study demonstrated that assessment of patient age, sex, and past medical history could help determine patients’ risk for developing voiding dysfunction after renal transplantation.
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2020|