Factor influencing vaccine rejection of complete basic immunization in indonesia

Agustina Setyaningsih, Kemal N. Siregar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


AIM: This study aims to identify psychological factors against vaccine rejection in Indonesia. The study also provides a review of the group of different factors on psychological factors in social media. METHODS: This study uses secondary data sourced from Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Instagram about vaccines rejection from 2018 to 2019. That text is labeled based on seven psychological factors that influence vaccine rejection. The factor analysis method is used to determine the relationship between vaccine rejection and psychological factors. RESULTS: Dimension 1 focused on individual and group influences, where the correlation value between factors such as vaccine misinformation, health worker trust, perception of side effect is 0.906 (>0.5). Dimension 2 used different factors such as trust in the goverment, negative opinion about vaccine efficacy, and social influence as contextual/environmental influencers,with a correlation value of 0.866 (>0.5). Meanwhile, Dimension 3 with general perception is a factor in vaccine and vaccination specific problems with a correlation value of 0.940 (>0.5). CONCLUSION: Psychological factors are mainly associated with vaccine rejection. Stakeholders need to observe these factors in identifying conditions for childhood vaccines rejection posted on social media in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1300-1306
Number of pages7
JournalOpen Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue numberE
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Complete Basic Immunization
  • Indonesia
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Social Media
  • Vaccine Rejection


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