We present three cases of primary arterial switch operation for extremely late presenting transposition the great arteries with intact ventricular septum: a 7-year-old female, 3-year-old male, and 6-year-old female. Two patients were discharged on postoperative day 9 and 11, the other developed hemodynamic instability 12 h after surgery and died due to left ventricular failure and pulmonary hypertension. Left ventricular mass index >35 g·m−2 and left ventricular posterior wall >4 mm are criteria for a primary arterial switch operation. Circulatory support post- or intraoperatively might provide better results. Two patients survived without extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or nitric oxide.
- Age factors
- transposition of great vessels
- ventricular septum