Extraction of the flesh of bintaro fruit with ultrasonic waves using nades solvent for producing bioinsecticide

M. Sungkar, Gibranadhi, R. Arbianti, T. S. Utami, H. Hermansyah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Agriculture is the driving force of the national economy. In addition to aiming to fulfil the lives of the people, the agricultural sector is also useful to boost the image of Indonesia in the eyes of the world. Generally, one indicator or parameter commonly used to show the quality of agriculture is the number of pests that damage plants in certain areas. Control of disturbing organisms in these plants can be minimized by the production of bintaro fruit-based bio-insecticides extracted by ultrasonic waves using NADES solvents with variations in sonification time and the mole ratio of the solvent. Bio-insecticides are produced by conducting phytochemical tests and efficacy tests using bok coy leaves and armyworm pests. The flesh of the fruit is separated then dried and mashed. After that, the dried flesh of the fruit is solved in NADES solvents in the form of a mixture between choline chloride and lactic acid with variations solvent mole ratio of 1:1; 1:2; and 2:1 then extracted via ultrasonic assisted extraction (UAE) with 53 kHz ultrasonic waves for 20, 40, and 60 minutes variations of time. The amount of extract per solvent is 20 mg/mL. Afterwards, the extract goes through Liebermann-Burchard test to prove the presence of glycoside in the extract and undergoes LCMS tests to obtain the concentration of cerberin inside the extract.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2019
EditorsEny Kusrini, I. Gde Dharma Nugraha
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735420144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2020
Event4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 14 Aug 201916 Aug 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2255
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityBali
Period14/08/1916/08/19

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