Extracorporeal blood purification benefits in post-caesarean patient with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome due to miliary tuberculosis: a case report

Gumarbio Setiadi Zakaria, Muhammad Azhari Taufik, Sidharta Kusuma Manggala, Jennefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Miliary tuberculosis is a life-threatening disease caused by the hematogenous spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is uncommon in pregnancy. Mortality rates for patients with miliary tuberculosis who require mechanical ventilation are high (60–70%). Case presentation: We reported a rare and challenging case, a 35-year-old Asian woman with 34 weeks of pregnancy, and miliary tuberculosis with acute respiratory distress syndrome and septic shock. The patient presented with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome, necessitating mechanical ventilation, vasopressor, and pregnancy termination with caesarean section. The patient underwent blood purification with continuous veno-venous hemofiltration using an oXiris filter for 24 hours. After continuous veno-venous hemofiltration, the patient’s condition was greatly improved, and the patient was successfully extubated and was able to breathe spontaneously without vasopressor on the third day. High levels of interleukin-6, interleukin-10, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, interferon-γ, and tumor necrosis factor-α were found postoperatively. Conclusion: The bacterial infection of tuberculosis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and the stress response from the caesarean section contributed to the high levels of cytokines, which correlated with the patient’s severe inflammatory condition. The cytokine levels were greatly reduced after the blood purification procedure and this might be associated with the patient’s clinical improvement. Extracorporeal blood purification could help to disrupt the vicious cycle of inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number157
JournalJournal of Medical Case Reports
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Blood purification
  • Continuous veno-venous hemofiltration
  • Miliary tuberculosis

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