Exposure of human seminal vesicle tissue to phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors antagonizes the contraction induced by norepinephrine and increases production of cyclic nucleotides

Ponco Birowo, Stefan Ückert, George T. Kedia, Joachim E. Sonnenberg, Peter Sandner, Walter F. Thon, Friedemann Scheller, Djoko Rahardjo, Markus A. Kuczyk

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To investigate further the role of phosphodiesterase (PDE) isoenzymes in the control of human seminal vesicle (SV) smooth muscle contractility, we examined the functional responses of isolated SV tissue to various PDE inhibitors. It has been suggested that the application of inhibitors of the PDE type 5 may facilitate SV smooth muscle relaxation and, subsequently, retard ejaculatory response. Methods Using the organ bath technique, strip preparations of human SV were exposed for 5 minutes to 1 μM of the PDE inhibitors milrinone (PDE3 inhibitor), rolipram, Ro 20-1724 (PDE4 inhibitors), and sildenafil (PDE5 inhibitor). Norepinephrine (NE, alpha agonist) was then added (0,1 μM, 1 μM, and 10 μM) and isometric responses were recorded. A contraction-response curve to NE in the absence of PDE inhibitors was also generated. Drug effects on the production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (GMP) were measured by means of radioimmunometric assays. Results The contraction induced by NE was effectively antagonized by 1 μM of rolipram (83.3% inhibition), Ro 20-1724 (72.3% inhibition), sildenafil (41.6% inhibition), and milrinone (37.5% inhibition). The inhibition of force generation was paralleled by a 1.6-fold to 2.8-fold increase in tissue cyclic AMP (induced by milrinone, rolipram, Ro 20-1724), and a 12-fold rise in cyclic GMP (induced by sildenafil). Conclusion The findings demonstrate that PDE inhibitors can counteract the contraction of human SV mediated by alpha-adrenergic receptors and enhance levels of cyclic nucleotides. This might be of importance with regard to the identification of new options for the pharmacological treatment of premature ejaculation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1518.e1-1518.e6
JournalUrology
Volume76
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

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