Experimental study of the effect of water spray on the spread of smoldering in Indonesian peat fires

Mohamad Lutfi Ramadhan, Pither Palamba, Fahri Ali Imran, Engkos Achmad Kosasih, Yulianto Sulistyo Nugroho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


Peatland fires remain a major contributor of environmental problems in Indonesia. Several studies on peat fire suppression have been conducted with multiple methods, such as quarrying, water spray, artificial rain, and foam spray. This research is focused on laboratory scaled experiments of Indonesian peat smoldering fire behaviour and suppression by a water mist system. The peat used in this work was obtained from two different locations, namely Papua and South Sumatra, Indonesia. During the suppression tests, the intensity of the water mist spray was varied by changing the distance between the nozzle and the peat surface. Meanwhile, the time periods of spray were 15 min (short period of suppression) and approximately 2 h for full suppression until the peat fire was extinguished. The peat temperature and the total mass lost during the smoldering reaction were recorded to get the burning rate ratio for each sample. The spread rate of the smoldering process was identified by the changes in the local temperatures of the peat bed. The results show that the spread rate of the smoldering combustion front was affected by particle size and permeability of peat material. The short duration of water suppression failed to extinguish the peat fires. A re-ignition phenomenon was identified due to the persistence of stored heat in the core of the peat. In addition, the total water required to fully suppress both peat fires is about 6 L/kg peat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-679
Number of pages9
JournalFire Safety Journal
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017


  • Fire suppression
  • Peat fire
  • Smoldering
  • Water mist


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