Evaluation of Slope Stability at Interface using Thin Soil Material Model in Finite Element Software

Fathiyah Hakim Sagitaningrum, Samira Albati Kamaruddin, Ramli Nazir, Budi Susilo Soepandji, Idrus Muhammad Alatas

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Cases of landslides on clay shale slopes have been an intriguing study in Indonesia. Most of the slopes failed due to the weathering of the clay shale rock. As studies focused on the properties of clay shale, several FEM analyses indicated a unique translational type of failure between the interface of clay shale and its overburden. However, the modeling of the interface in a case study was still limited. This study aims to evaluate a landslide using a thin-soil interface model using FEM software. The model used two conditions, extreme groundwater level conditions. There were several iterations of the shear strength parameters of the interface layer conducted. Results indicated that the thin-soil interface could portray the interface condition at the landslide. Compared to laboratory interface results, the interface would fail at a high degree of saturation due to water infiltration at the surface. Also, granular overburden with high permeability had a higher chance of failure than cohesive overburden. From the results, this study opened the path to incorporating the interface layer in clay shale slope analysis. However, further studies are needed using the thin-soil interface model in other clay shale landslide cases to synthesize its repeatability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012053
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event3rd International Symposium of Earth, Energy, Environmental Science, and Sustainable Development - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 27 Aug 202228 Aug 2022


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