Estimation of natural circulation flow based on temperature in the FASSIP-02 large-scale test loop facility

M. Juarsa, A. R. Antariksawan, M. H. Kusuma, D. Haryanto, Nandy Setiadi Djaya Putra

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In the future, the use of passive cooling system without electrical power input become highly considered to be implemented in the design of nuclear reactor safety system. Moreover, the lessons learned from the Fukushima-Daiichi accident encourage the incorporation of such passive cooling system. The passive safety cooling system is aimed to cope with both design bases as well as severe accidents. The natural circulation is one example parameter of the passive cooling system features being widely considered. However, some of the parameters involving in natural circulation are still being investigated, in particular the problem of flow instability. BATAN is designing a large-scale test loop facility, named FASSIP-02 loop, with a height of 11 meters between a heat source and a cooling source. The FASSIP-02 loop is designed to simulate the residual heat in the reference reactor. To ensure the validity of the design prior to the construction, it is necessary to make an analytical calculation using some correlations to estimate the natural circulation flow rate. The calculation method is performed by using the derived two principle correlations of the buoyancy force in the heating section and the gravitational force on the cooling section. The water temperatures in the heating section are varied at 50°C, 60°C, 70°C, 80°C and 90°C with the water temperature in the cooling tank pool are varied at 10°C, 20°C, 30°C, 40°C and 50°C. The calculation results can estimate the water temperature and volume are required. In addition, it could be used to determine the experimental matrix that is based on the FASSIP-02 loop design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012091
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2018
Event2nd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2017 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 3 Oct 20174 Oct 2017


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