Establishment of Epithelial Cell Culture from Ovarian Cancer Tissues: A Method Comparison Study

Tricia Dewi Anggraeni, Ariananda Hariadi, Tera Dria Kispa, Jenivia Thiono, Andrijono Andrijono, Hariyono Winarto, Marselina Irasonia Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: This study aimed to determine the most effective method in establishing primary cell culture from epithelial serous ovarian cancer tissues with the highest yield of cells and percentage of epithelial cells. Methods: Primary and metastasis tissues from three serous ovarian cancer patients were processed using 18 different combinations of methods based on different factors: the source of tissue (primary site or metastasis site), the cell suspension method (explant method, enzymatic methods, or the addition of Percoll), and the alternatives of three different media. We compared the total count of cells, the percentage of epithelial cells, and the estimated number of epithelial cells per observation field. The calculation of cells from primary tissues were compared to metastasis tissues, and the difference was statistically analyzed using Mann Whitney-U test on SPSS software. Result: The groups that were processed using dispase and trypsin resulted higher number of cells and higher percentage of epithelial cells when compared to the explant method. Among all media, we found that DMEM:F12 and McCoy’s 5A media as equally useful in isolating and culturing epithelial cells. Statistically, the metastasis tissue derived more epithelial cells when compared to the primary tissue (102.32±82.65 vs 22.6±23.81, p=0.001). Conclusion: The use of metastasis tissue processed with trypsin or dispase and cultured in DMEM:F12 or McCoy’s 5A media was found to be the most efficient way to produce the highest amount of cells with high percentage of epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1047-1054
Number of pages8
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • cell culture
  • epithelial
  • epithelial cell
  • mesenchymal transition
  • metastasis
  • Ovarian Cancer


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