One-per-mil epinephrine solution (1:1,000,000) injected as a tumescent has been used in several hand and upper-limb surgery cases as a substitute for tourniquet. However, reviews of its effectiveness are still lacking. A comprehensive review was conducted based on PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, and Semantic Scholar database search of relevant studies using the keyword “one-per-mil.” Studies not using the exact one-per-mil tumescent solution formula were excluded. The review of clinical studies was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. Epinephrine and the hydrostatic vasocompressive effect created bloodless operative fields, with 100% experimental flap survival after ischemic insult. The technique was effective in creating bloodless operative fields in 36.3% of varied hand and upper-limb surgery cases and in fully awake surgery. Current studies show that one-per-mil tumescent solution is safe and effective, enabling use of tourniquet to be avoided.
|Translated title of the contribution||Epinephrine one-per-mil tumescent solution in hand surgery: Review of experimental and clinical studies|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2021|
- Hand injury
- Local anesthesia