Environmental Scanning: In Creating Strategic Planning for the Education of Persons with Different Ability

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This study aims to do environmental scanning in order to identify factors that influence the education policy for difable group. The current condition indicates that Indonesia's Human Development Index (HDI) towards 2017 is ranked in 116th with a final score of 0.694 which is still relatively low. As an effort to improve HDI, Indonesia conducts human development through education as basic rights of every human being and as one of the public service products that must be obtained by the community including all Indonesian people, particularly people with different abilities and children with special needs (ABK). According to the Ministry of Education and Culture (2018) out of as many as 1.5 million people with different ability, only 300,000 crews who have become students in 2017. Thus, this condition is disadvantageous for 1.2 million ABK who cannot get proper education in Indonesia. The research utilizes the qualitative approach and data collection techniques through secondary data analysis. This study found out that there are several factors which impact the ability of all levels of government to build strategic planning in the education sector for difable group such as limitations and unequal commitments from local and national governments, limitations in implementing regulations, unequal opportunity to obtain sufficient livelihoods that affect the income they earned, exacerbated by unequal perspective regarding the need for quality education for people with different abilities, by which the people with different abilities has not been prioritized for education. In addition, the use of assistive technology in the field of education for persons with different abilities is very minimal in Indonesia, as well as geographical factors as the main determinant factors that influence the issue of education for persons with different abilities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012051
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2019
Event4th International Conference in Planning in the 2019 Era of Uncertainty, ICPEU 2019 - Malang City, Indonesia
Duration: 12 Mar 201913 Mar 2019


  • Basic Public Service
  • Children with Special Needs
  • Inclusive Education
  • People with Different Abilities


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