Environmental health risk due to exposure to lead in batteries smelter industry-Cinangka village, Bogor, Indonesia

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Lead is one of the toxic chemicals causing dangerous air pollution in the environment and its very dangerous for human health whose toxicity lasts for a lifetime because lead accumulates in the human body. Black lead is one of the components of the battery that is needed as the basic material for making batteries. Used batteries can be recycled by melting the lead contained in the plates into black bars that can be reused as raw material for making new batteries. This research was aimed to assess the magnitude of emerging health risk of ambient air Pb exposure to residence at smelter batteries area. This study uses a design of public health risk analysis or also called Public Health Assessment. The subject of this study is the human population at risk of being exposed to Pb in this case the people living around the former battery smelter in Cinangka Village. The smallest Pb concentration recorded in the study is 0.00004 mg/m3 which is outside the used battery smelting industry. While the largest Pb concentration recorded is 0.00091 mg/m3 which is located in the used battery smelting industry area. The results of the RQ values in this study indicate that only 4% of respondent has an unaccepted non carcinogenic risk which required risk management action. Futher research on particle toxicology evaluation is recommended to be carried out in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-697
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Ambient air
  • Inhalation
  • Lead
  • Public health assessment


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