Enrichment on Bangka tin slag's tantalum and niobium oxide contents through non-fluoride process

Sulaksana Permana, Shiva Frida Vincia, Anggita Amilia, Ahmad Maksum, Kurnia Setiawan Widana, Johny Wahyuadi Soedarsono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This research explored how non-fluoride solutions including 8M NaOH, 0.8, 1.6 and 2.4 M H 2 SO 4 , and 0.1, 0.4 and 0.8 M HClO4 increased the contents of tantalum and niobium oxide through leaching. Before leaching, Bangka tin slag (BTS) was characterized through XRF. The slag was then 900°C-roasted, quenched, and dewatered. Next, BTS underwent a sieving process with size classifications of +100, -100+150, -150+200, -200+250, and -250 mesh. After that, the -200+250 mesh slag was leached with 8M NaOH. Then, the leached product was divided into two, one of which was 0.1, 0.4, and 0.8 M HClO4-leached and the rest of which was leached with 0.8 M HClO 4 followed by 0, 0.8, 1.6, and 2.4 M H 2 SO 4 at 25°C within 2 hours. All the residues characterization used an XRF while that of filtrates used an AAS as well as an ICP-OES. The motives that drive this investigation are the deficit of tantalum supply and its status as one of the technology-critical elements. In addition to that, most of prior investigations enhanced the contents of tantalum and niobium oxide using fluoride acid while this study ventured non-fluoride solutions. The result shows that perchlorate acid followed by sulfuric acid leaching slightly enriches the tantalum and niobium contents. However, this method is the most effective among NaOH, HCIO 4 , and HCIO 4 followed by H 2 SO 4 leaching. This finding is a form of scientific effort to maintain the tantalum supply through utilizing worthless waste of tin smelting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-64
Number of pages9
JournalEastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies
Issue number12-95
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Bangka tin slag
  • HClO
  • Leaching
  • NaOH
  • Tantalum niobium oxide (TNO)
  • вилуговування
  • Оксид нiобiю танталу (ОНТ)
  • Олов'яний шлак Бангка


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