Enhancing the performance of conventional coffee beans drying with low-temperature geothermal energy by applying HPHE: An experimental study

Yohanes Gunawan, Kukuh Tri Margono, Romy Rizky, Nandy Putra, Rizal Al Faqih, Imansyah Ibnu Hakim, Guntur Tri Setiadanu, Dedi Suntoro, Slamet Kasbi, Subhan Nafis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The unpredictable weather in Indonesia results in a less effective conventional coffee beans drying process, which usually uses solar energy as a heat source. This experiment aimed to examine the performance of the coffee beans drying using low-temperature geothermal energy (LTGE) with solar energy as the energy source. Heat pipe heat exchanger, which consists of 42 straight heat pipes with staggered configuration, was used to extract the LTGE. The heat pipes have 700 mm length, 10 mm outside diameter with a filling ratio of 50%, and added by 181 pieces of aluminum with a dimension size of 76 mm × 345 mm × 0.105 mm as fins. LTGE was simulated by using water that is heated by three heaters and flowed by a pump. Meanwhile, to simulate the drying process with conventional methods, a system of solar air collectors made of polyurethane sheets with a thickness of 20 mm and dimensions of length × width × height = 160 cm × 76 cm × 10 cm, respectively, was used in this study. Zinc galvalume sheet with 0.3 mm thickness was installed and coated by the black doff color throughout the inner of the container wall. The result showed that the drying process with LTGE and solar energy is faster than with solar energy or geothermal energy only. The drying coffee beans using the hybrid system can speed up the drying coffee beans time by about 23% faster than the solar energy only.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)807-818
Number of pages12
JournalOpen Agriculture
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • coffee bean drying
  • drying
  • heat pipe
  • HPHE
  • low-temperature geothermal

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