Enhancement of drug absorption through the blood-brain barrier and inhibition of intercellular tight junction resealing by E-cadherin peptides

Paul Kiptoo, Ernawati Sinaga, Anna M. Calcagno, Hong Zhao, Naoki Kobayashi, Usman S.F. Tambunan, Teruna J. Siahaan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell interactions in the zonula adherens play an important role in the formation of the intercellular tight junctions found in the blood-brain barrier. However, it is also responsible for the low permeation of drugs into the brain. In this study, HAV6 peptide derived from the EC1 domain of E-cadherin was found to enhance the permeation of 14C-mannitol and [3H(G)]-daunomycin through the blood-brain barrier of the in situ rat brain perfusion model. In addition, HAV6 peptide and verapamil have a synergistic effect in enhancing the BBB permeation of daunomycin. A new intercellular-junction resealing assay was also developed using Caco-2 monolayers to evaluate new peptides (BLG2, BLG3, and BLG4) derived from the bulge regions of the EC2, EC3, and EC4 domains of E-cadherin. BLG2 and BLG4 peptides but not BLG3 peptides were found to be effective in blocking the resealing of the intercellular junctions. The positive control peptides (ADT10, ADT6, and HAV10) block the resealing of the intercellular junctions in a concentration-dependent manner. All these findings suggest that E-cadherin-derived peptides can block E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell interactions. These findings demonstrate that cadherin peptides may offer a useful targeted permeation enhancement of therapeutic agents such as anticancer drugs into the brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-249
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Pharmaceutics
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2011

Keywords

  • ADT peptides
  • Adherens junction
  • Caco-2 cell monolayers
  • Cell-cell adhesion
  • E-cadherin
  • HAV peptides
  • Intercellular junctions

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