Endothelial Dysfunction In Preeclampsia

Rahajuningsih Dharma, Noroyono Wibowo, Hessyani P.t. Raranta

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Preeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, edema, and proteinuria. Based on these signs, it is suggested that endothelial dysfunction plays a role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. The aims of this study were to know whether endothelial dysfunction occur in preeclampsia by measuring the level of sVCAM-1, von Willebrand factor, and fibrin monomer. The relationship between markers of endothelial dysfunction and blood pressure would also be sought. In this cross-sectional study, 30 women at the 24–42 weeks of pregnancy with preeklampsia, were enrolled and control group comprised of fullterm pregnant women. The level of sVCAM-1 was determined by ELISA method using reagents from R&D system, while vWF level was measured by enzyme linked fluorescent assay (ELFA) using reagent from VIDAS bioMerieux, and fibrin monomer was detected by ethanol gelation test. The mean of sVCAM-1 level in the preeklampsia group and in the control group were 576.4 ng/mL, and 375.7 ng/mL, respectively while the standard deviation were 58.3 ng/mL, and 43 ng/mL, respectively. The mean of vWF level in the preeklampsia group and in the control group were 305.3% and 162.4%, respectively while the standard deviation were 107.4% and 33%, respectively. Moderate correlation were found between sVCAM-1 as well as vWF level with both systolic and diastolic pressure. Fibrin monomer was found in 28 out of 30 subjects of preeclampsia group, but only 1 out of 31 subjects in the control group. The results of this study indicated that endothelial dysfunction occurred in preeclampsia.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMakara Journal of Health Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005


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