Endophytic fungi inhabiting Physalis angulata L. plant: Diversity, antioxidant, and antibacterial activities of their ethyl acetate extracts

Kartika Dyah Palupi, Muhammad Ilyas, Andria Agusta

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Abstract

Endophytic fungi are an essential source of biologically active compounds. They have the ability to synthesize secondary metabolites which are the same or have a high degree of similarity to their host plants. In this study, we aimed to explore the biodiversity and the bioactivities of active metabolites produced by 14 endophytic fungi isolated from the medicinal plant Physalis angulata L. (PA). Fourteen endophytic fungi were isolated from the flowers, stems, leaves, and fruit husks of PA. The endophytic fungi were cultured and incubated in the PDB medium at room temperature. After three weeks, the cultures were extracted using ethyl acetate and dried using a rotary evaporator. The antioxidant activity was evaluated against DPPH while antibacterial activity was evaluated against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus using microdilution technique. TLC analysis was also done to profile the active compounds within the extract. Hyphomycetes fungus isolated from the flower of PA exhibited a moderate antioxidant activity with an antioxidant index value of 0.59 (IC50 = 52.43 μg/mL). Six isolates have strong antibacterial activity against E. coli and S. aureus with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value ranging from 8-64 μg/mL. These endophytic fungi are one Hyphomycetes fungus isolated from the flower, one Fusarium sp. isolated from the stem, and four Colletotrichum sp. isolated from leaf and fruit husk of PA. Endophytic fungi isolated from PA are potential novel sources of active metabolites especially for antibacterial compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)823-829
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • endophytic fungi
  • Escherichia coli
  • free radical scavenger
  • Physalis angulata L.
  • Staphylococcus aureus

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