Endometrial biopsy collection from women receiving Norplant®

Wachyu Hadisaputra, Biran Affandi, J. Witjaksono, P. A.W. Rogers

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25 Citations (Scopus)


A series of 191 endometrial biopsy procedures were performed on Indonesian women who had received between 3 and 12 months exposure to Norplant®. In all, 87 biopsy procedures were attempted with a microhysteroscope using biopsy forceps, and 104 procedures were attempted with either Pipelle or Karman suction curettes. Regardless of the biopsy method, diagnosable endometrium was obtained in only ∼50% of procedures. Myometrium was often found in microhysteroscope but not in suction biopsies. An analysis of a number of clinical characteristics showed that women from whom diagnosable endometrial tissue was obtained had higher mean peripheral oestrogen concentrations in the 2 weeks prior to biopsy (439 ± 35 versus 289 ± 33 pmol/l; P = 0.0018) and significantly more days when endometrial bleeding occurred in the 90 days prior to biopsy (26.5 ± 2.1 versus 16.2 ± 1.8; P = 0.0003). These results suggest that after 3-12 months exposure to Norplant ∼50% of women have an endometrium too thin to sample, and that this group is characterized by lower peripheral oestrogen concentrations and reduced menstrual bleeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-34
Number of pages4
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1996


  • Endometrial biopsy
  • Karman cannula
  • Microhysteroscope
  • Norplant®
  • Pipelle suction curette


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