Enchanced electrochemical performances of Li4Ti5O12/Sn composites anode via sol-hydrothermal method for lithium ion batteries

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Abstract

Li4Ti5O12 (lithium titanate) were synthesized by sol-gel and hydrothermal method with LiOH as lithium ion source. Li4Ti5O12/Sn composites anode were preparared by ball mill method with three of Sn variation. X-ray diffraction shows spinel, TiO2, and Sn phases with anatase and rutile residue. The lowest electrolyte resistance obtained at the highest Sn value. The specific capacity of battery can be increased from addition of Sn by up to 258.6 mAh/g. Alloying and dealloying reaction of LixSn accomodate the increased specific capacity from charge/discharge. However, Thevolume expansion from LixSn leads to loss of capacity when the C rate increases. The efficient capacity at low and high charge-discharge rate obtained at the highest value of added Sn.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012114
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume105
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2018
Event2nd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2017 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 3 Oct 20174 Oct 2017

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