Li4Ti5O12 (lithium titanate) were synthesized by sol-gel and hydrothermal method with LiOH as lithium ion source. Li4Ti5O12/Sn composites anode were preparared by ball mill method with three of Sn variation. X-ray diffraction shows spinel, TiO2, and Sn phases with anatase and rutile residue. The lowest electrolyte resistance obtained at the highest Sn value. The specific capacity of battery can be increased from addition of Sn by up to 258.6 mAh/g. Alloying and dealloying reaction of LixSn accomodate the increased specific capacity from charge/discharge. However, Thevolume expansion from LixSn leads to loss of capacity when the C rate increases. The efficient capacity at low and high charge-discharge rate obtained at the highest value of added Sn.
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Jan 2018|
|Event||2nd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2017 - Bali, Indonesia|
Duration: 3 Oct 2017 → 4 Oct 2017