Emergency broadcasting radio in Indonesia: Comparative studies in lombok and palu

Ressi Dwiana, Ade Armando, Mario Antonius Birowo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In every disaster, problems of information and communication distribution always occur. The communication channel is very dependent on various supporting facilities. Electricity, transmitter towers, broadcasting stations, to human resources. In two big disasters in Indonesia in 2018: the Lombok earthquake; and the earthquake, tsunami and liquefaction in Palu, there were issues of the information and communication channels. Local people do not know the condi-tions that occur in their area and the situation of their families. While outsiders, the government, and res-cue teams did not get detailed information from the affected areas. In countries with high intensity of natural disasters, emergency broadcasting policies have been long practiced. The simplest device for emergency broadcasting is radio. This kind of media can immediately air with simple facilities. Regardless, the initiative of emergency radio has not yet adopted into regulation in Indonesia. Therefore, the emergency radio initiator limited to a handful of organization like in Lombok earthquake. Conversely in Palu disaster, there was a Ministerial Decree of Information and Communication Ministry Number 773/2018 (KM 773), regulation that simplify access to radio fre-quency. Using comparative method, this research ex-amined these two disasters to analyze the differences of emergency radio practices. Only 1.5 months away and similar location features, the emergency radios initiation differ in several aspects related subjects that regulated in this KM. The result shows that this KM can broaden all aspects of emergency broadcasting ra-dio. Although, the KM unable to shorten the time of emergency radio implementation. Regulation change only limited to frequency access. A broader regulation change is needed to support the practice of emergency radio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-663
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Disaster Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Comparative study
  • Disaster regulation
  • Emergency radio


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