Electrochemical performance of low concentration Al doped-lithium titanate anode synthesized via sol-gel for lithium ion capacitor applications

Ahmad Sohib, Slamet Priyono, Wahyu Bambang Widayatno, Achmad Subhan, Sherly Novia Sari, Agus Sukarto Wismogroho, Chairul Hudaya, Bambang Prihandoko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In spite of its high potential, the electrochemical performance of lithium titanate (LTO) has rarely been investigated as an anode material in lithium ion capacitor (LIC). This study is aimed to probe the effect of low concentration Al doping on the properties of LTO as well as its electrochemical performance for lithium ion capacitor application. In this work, a facile sol gel reaction is employed to synthesize Li4Ti5-xO12Alx (x = 0, 0.025, 0.05, and 0.075). The starting materials were stoichiometrically dissolved in ethanol and mixed, followed by calcination at 800 °C for three hours. XRD pattern of the samples demonstrate the peak shifting of LTO structure, as Al content increases to some extent. The LTOA 0.025 sample has smaller and more uniform particles than that of pristine LTO. The half-cell performance shows that LTOA 0.025 has higher current peak and capacity, 154.5 mAh.g−1 than that of pristine LTO. Meanwhile, the performance of full-cell LIC also demonstrate the increase of its specific capacitance at various scan rate and the excellent retention stability, which can sustain 83.9% of its initial performance after 800 cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101480
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Volume29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Al-doped LTO
  • Electrochemical performance
  • LIC
  • Lithium titanate

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