Boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes have been examined for the electrochemical oxidation of underivatized-nucleic acids in terms of single stranded and double stranded DNA. Cyclic voltammetry and square wave voltammetry have been used to study the oxidation reactions and to detect DNA without derivatization or hydrolysis steps. At the diamond electrode, at least two well-defined voltammetric peaks were observed for both single stranded and double stranded DNA. Diamond electrode is the first material to show a well-defined voltammetric peaks for adenine group oxidation directly in the helix structure of nucleic acid due to its wide potential window. For single stranded DNA, a third peak, related to the pyrimidine group oxidation was also observed. As-deposited diamond film with predominantly hydrogen-terminated surface exhibited superior performance over oxygen-terminated diamond in terms of sensitivity. However, by optimizing the ionic strength, sensitivity of O-terminated films could be improved. Linear calibration results have shown linearity of current with concentration in the range 0.1-8 μg mL-1 for both guanine and adenine residues at as-deposited BDD. Detection limits (S/N = 3) of 3.7 and 10 ng mL-1 for adenine and guanine residue in single stranded DNA, respectively, and 5.2 and 10 ng mL-1 for adenine and guanine residue in double stranded DNA, respectively, were observed. This work shows the promising use of diamond as an electrochemical detector for direct detection of nucleic acids. The results also show the possibility of using the oxidation peak current of adenine group that is more sensitive for the direct detection of nucleic acids.