In this article, electrochemical detection of arsenite (As3+) and arsenate (As5+) by stripping voltammetry at a gold electrode has been investigated. As3+ and As5• are reduced to arsine (AsH3) in 0.1 M sodium borohydride before deposition on the electrode surface. 0.1 M HCl was used as the supporting electrolyte, where Cl- ions act as an ionic bridge, facilitating reduction at the working electrode. As3+ and As5+ can be deposited as arsine by simple electrochemical reduction at -0.5 V (versus Ag/AgCl). Anodic stripping voltammograms of arsine at a gold electrode showed similar peak potentials for As° oxidation (≈0.31 V versus Ag/AgCl) under the optimum conditions (deposition potential, deposition time, and scan rate of -0.5 V, 60 s, and 200 mV/s, respectively). The stripping voltammograms for As3+ and As5+ presented similar peak shapes and current intensities. A reaction mechanism involving reduction to As0 at a mild potential in a strong acid, followed by oxidation of As° to As3+ at the gold electrode, was proposed. The method developed offers a wide linear concentration range for As3+ (0-5 ppm) and As5+ (0-20 ppm) and very low limits of detection for As3+ (0.85 ppm) and As5+ (6.07 ppm).
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Feb 2019|
|Event||2nd International Conference on Current Progress in Functional Materials 2017, ISCPFM 2017 - Bali, Indonesia|
Duration: 8 Nov 2017 → 9 Nov 2017
- anodic stripping voltammetry
- gold electrode
- sodium borohydride