Efficient implementation of the rank correlation merit function for 2D/3D registration

M. Figl, C. Bloch, C. Gendrin, C. Weber, S. A. Pawiro, J. Hummel, P. Markelj, F. Pernuš, H. Bergmann, W. Birkfellner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


A growing number of clinical applications using 2D/3D registration have been presented recently. Usually, a digitally reconstructed radiograph is compared iteratively to an x-ray image of the known projection geometry until a match is achieved, thus providing six degrees of freedom of rigid motion which can be used for patient setup in image-guided radiation therapy or computer-assisted interventions. Recently, stochastic rank correlation, a merit function based on Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, was presented as a merit function especially suitable for 2D/3D registration. The advantage of this measure is its robustness against variations in image histogram content and its wide convergence range. The considerable computational expense of computing an ordered rank list is avoided here by comparing randomly chosen subsets of the DRR and reference x-ray. In this work, we show that it is possible to omit the sorting step and to compute the rank correlation coefficient of the full image content as fast as conventional merit functions. Our evaluation of a well-calibrated cadaver phantom also confirms that rank correlation-type merit functions give the most accurate results if large differences in the histogram content for the DRR and the x-ray image are present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)N465-N471
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2010


Dive into the research topics of 'Efficient implementation of the rank correlation merit function for 2D/3D registration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this