Efficacy of LL-37 cream in enhancing healing of diabetic foot ulcer: a randomized double-blind controlled trial

Eliza Miranda, Kusmarinah Bramono, Em Yunir, Mirta H. Reksodiputro, Oki Suwarsa, Iris Rengganis, Alida R. Harahap, Decy Subekti, Suhendro Suwarto, Hayun Hayun, Saptawati Bardosono, Joko C. Baskoro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wound healing in DFU (diabetic foot ulcer) has prolonged inflammation phase and defective granulation tissue formation. LL-37 has antimicrobial property, induces angiogenesis, and keratinocyte migration and proliferation. This study analyzes the efficacy of LL-37 cream in enhancing wound healing rate and decreasing the levels of IL-1α, TNF-α, and the number of aerobic bacteria colonization in DFU with mild infection. This study was conducted from January 2020 to June 2021 in Jakarta. Subjects were instructed to apply either LL-37 cream or placebo cream twice a week for 4 weeks. Wounds were measured on days 7, 14, 21, and 28 and processed with ImageJ. The levels of LL-37, IL-1α, and TNF-α from wound fluid were measured using ELISA. The number of aerobic bacteria colonization was counted from the isolate grown in culture. The levels of LL-37 in DFU at baseline were equally low in both groups which were 1.07 (0.37–4.96) ng/mg protein in the LL-37 group and 1.11 (0.24–2.09) ng/mg protein in the placebo group. The increase in granulation index was consistently greater in the LL-37 group on days 7, 14, 21, and 28 (p = 0.031, 0.009, 0.006, and 0.037, respectively). The levels of IL-1α and TNF-α increased in both groups on days 14 and 21 (p > 0.05). The decrease in the number of aerobic bacteria colonization was greater in the LL-37 group on days 7, 14 and 21, but greater in the placebo group on day 28 (p > 0.05). In conclusion, LL-37 cream enhanced the healing rate of DFU with mild infection, but did not decrease the levels of IL-1α and TNF-α and the number of aerobic bacteria colonization. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT04098562.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2623-2633
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Dermatological Research
Volume315
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • Colonization pattern
  • Diabetic foot ulcer
  • IL-1α
  • LL-37
  • TNF-α
  • Wound healing

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