Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is based on breathing pure oxygen in a chamber at a higher than atmospheric pressure. The use of HBOT is not uncommon in the medical practice, but not widely known or applied in dentistry. In this work HBOT has been considered as a potential treatment of chronic periodontitis. The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of HBOT as an adjunctive therapy for patients suffering chronic periodontitis, after applying the conventional therapy of scaling and root planing (SRP). Also, the study aimed to investigate the required number of HBOT sessions for treatment. Fifty four patients aged 30-50 years with chronic periodontitis and 4-6 mm of pocket depth were divided into three treatment groups: SRP treatment only, SRP with 8 sessions of HBOT, and SRP with 16 sessions of HBOT. As clinical data, pocket depth, clinical attachment level and bleeding on probing were monitored for a period of up to one month. A multivariate analysis of the clinical data indicated that a combination of conventional treatment (SRP) with 8 HBOT sessions provided significantly better results than conventional treatment alone. Further improvement by 16 HBOT sessions after SRP was slight and the difference was not statistically significant. The results showed that HBOT can be beneficial as an adjunctive therapy of chronic periodontitis when combined with SRP, and that 8 sessions of HBOT is sufficient for the purpose.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of International Dental and Medical Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2017|
- Adjunctive therapy
- Chronic periodontitis
- Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT)
- Scaling and root planing (SRP)