Effects of selected medicinal plants on human low-density lipoprotein oxidation, 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and human platelet aggregation

Fadlina Chany Saputri, Ibrahim Jantan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of the methanol extracts of 20 selected medicinal plants on free radical scavenging capacity, human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) peroxidation and platelet aggregation were investigated. The antioxidant activity was evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging capacity and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) assay with LDL as the oxidation substrate. The antiplatelet activity in human whole blood was investigated using an electrical impedance method. The total phenolic contents (TPC) of the extracts were determined by the Folin-Ciocalteau method. Among the extracts, Phyllanthus amarus and Labisia pumila var. alata possessed potent radical scavenging activity with IC50 values of 3.4 and 5.7 μg/ml, respectively. The extracts of Zingiber officinale, Curcuma xanthorrhiza and Curcuma domestica showed strong inhibition of LDL peroxidation with IC50 values ranging from 0.1 to 0.9 μg/ml. The extract of Z. officinale was the most effective sample against platelet aggregation caused by arachidonic acid (AA) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) with IC50 values of 10.9 and 7.7 μg/ml, respectively. The Pearson correlation analysis indicated that the TPC of the extracts showed significant positive correlations with DPPH scavenging activity (r = 0.846) and LDL antioxidant activity (r = 0.639) and moderate positive correlations with antiplatelet activities (AA-induced, r = 0.51; ADP-induced, r = 0.40; collagen-induced, r = 0.44). The antioxidant and antiplatelet activities of the plant extracts could partly be due to their TPC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6182-6191
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Medicinal Plant Research
Volume5
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Antiplatelet activity
  • DPPH scavenging capacity
  • LDL antioxidant activity
  • Medicinal plants
  • Total phenolic contents

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