Effects of neutrino magnetic moment and charge radius constraints and medium modifications of the nucleon form factors on the neutrino mean free path in dense matter

Parada T.P. Hutauruk, A. Sulaksono, K. Tsushima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of neutrino charge radius and magnetic moment constraints obtained from the astrophysical observations and reactor experiments, as well as in-medium modifications of the weak and electromagnetic nucleon form factors of the matter on the neutrino electroweak interaction with dense matter, are estimated. We use a relativistic mean-field model for the in-medium effective nucleon mass and quark-meson coupling model for nucleon form factors. We analyze the neutrino scattering cross section and mean free path in cold nuclear matter. We find that the increase of the cross section relative to that without neutrino form factors results in the decrease of the neutrino mean free path when neutrino form factors and the in-medium modifications of the nucleon weak and electromagnetic form factors are simultaneously considered. The quenching of the neutrino mean free path is evaluated to be about 12-58% for the values of μν=3×10−12μB and Rν=3.5×10−5MeV−1 compared with that obtained for the μν=0 and Rν=0. The decrease of the neutrino mean free path is expected to decelerate the cooling of neutron stars. Each contribution of the neutrino form factors to the neutrino mean free path is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122356
JournalNuclear Physics A
Volume1017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Differential cross section
  • Medium modifications nucleon form factor
  • Neutrino charge radius
  • Neutrino magnetic moment
  • Quark-meson coupling model
  • Relativistic mean-field model

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