Effects of an additional small group discussion to cognitive achievement and retention in basic principles of bioethics teaching methods

Dedi Afandi, Yuli Budiningsih, Oktavinda Safitry, Agus Purwadianto, Dwi Novitasari, Ivan Riyanto Widjaja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim The place of ethics in undergraduate medical curricula is essential but the methods of teaching medical ethics did not show substantial changes. “Basic principles of bioethics” is the best knowledge to develop student’s reasoning analysis in medical ethics In this study, we investigate the effects of an additional small group discussion in basic principles of bioethics conventional lecture methods to cognitive achievement and retention. This study was a randomized controlled trial with parallel design. Cognitive scores of the basic principles of bioethics as a parameter was measured using basic principles of bioethics (Kaidah Dasar Bioetika, KDB) test. Both groups were attending conventional lectures, then the intervention group got an additional small group discussion. Result Conventional lectures with or without small group discussion significantly increased cognitive achievement of basic principles of bioethics (P= 0.001 and P= 0.000, respectively), and there were significant differences in cognitive achievement and retention between the 2 groups (P= 0.000 and P= 0.000, respectively). Conclusion Additional small group discussion method improved cognitive achievement and retention of basic principles of bioethics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-52
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Journal of Indonesia
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Lecture
  • Multiple choice questions
  • Specification checklist

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