Effect of white tea and xylitol on structure and properties of demineralized enamel and jawbone

Elza Ibrahim, R. Kiranahayu, D. Emerita, P. Sumariningsih, D. Sarita, M. S. Adiwirya, A. W. Suhartono

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


White tea and xylitol have been suggested as potential agents to combat dental caries and osteoporosis through enhanced remineralization. This investigation aimed to determine the effects of exposure to white tea with and without xylitol on the structure, composition and hardness of demineralized human dental enamel. For control, samples of untreated and demineralized enamel and samples of untreated rat jawbone were subjected to similar measurements. For demineralization, the enamel samples were immersed for two days at 50°C in an acetate solution (pH 4.0). All samples were then soaked for two weeks at 37°C in a solution containing three different concentrations of white tea, xylitol or both, and an optional addition of the remineralization ingredients including Ca, P and F. For enamel samples without preceding demineralization and without added remineralization ingredients, the results showed highest mean hardness after immersion in a solution containing both white tea and xylitol, practically independently of their applied concentration level. However, for demineralized enamel samples with added remineralization ingredients, the resulting mean hardness was also dependent on concentration of white tea and xylitol. With sufficient concentration, hardness was again higher for combined white tea and xylitol than for either of these used alone.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012045
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2018
Event7th International Seminar on New Paradigm and Innovation on Natural Sciences and Its Application, ISNPINSA 2017 - Semarang, Indonesia
Duration: 17 Oct 201717 Oct 2017


  • dental enamel
  • hardness
  • jawbone
  • white tea
  • xylitol


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