Effect of sonofication of carbon black and 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTS) on the properties of rubber-carbon black composite

Emil Budianto, M. Anggaravidya, Sudirman, C. Liza, Bambang Soegijono, M. Djamin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In order to improve the mechanical properties of natural rubber so it can be used as raw material for industrial component, it is required to add filler and coupling agent to the natural rubber. In previous study, carbon black obtained from sonofication process for 3 and 5 hours was added (filled) to improve thermal and mechanical properties of rubber-carbon black, where the improvement was influenced by the period of sonofication of carbon black, which subsequently added to the rubber-carbon black composite. In this study, various rubber-carbon composites have been synthesized using thin pale crepe (TPC) natural rubber as matrix, strengthened by carbon black N 660, sonoficated N 660, and addition of 2 phr of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTS) to each composite. The obtained rubbercarbon black composite was characterized by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). Universal Testing Machine was used to characterize its mechanical properties. Bound rubber value and mechanical properties of rubber-carbon black composite improved as a result of the addition of carbon black obtained from sonofication and APTS. However, contrast result was observed when sonoficated carbon black and APTS were added simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChemical, Material and Metallurgical Engineering
Pages203-210
Number of pages8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2013
Event2013 Asian Pacific Conference on Chemical, Material and Metallurgical Engineering, APCCMME 2013 - Beijing, China
Duration: 22 May 201323 May 2013

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume746
ISSN (Print)1022-6680

Conference

Conference2013 Asian Pacific Conference on Chemical, Material and Metallurgical Engineering, APCCMME 2013
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period22/05/1323/05/13

Keywords

  • 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTS)
  • Carbon black
  • Characterization
  • Natural rubber
  • Sonofication
  • Thin pale crepe (TPC)

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    Budianto, E., Anggaravidya, M., Sudirman, Liza, C., Soegijono, B., & Djamin, M. (2013). Effect of sonofication of carbon black and 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTS) on the properties of rubber-carbon black composite. In Chemical, Material and Metallurgical Engineering (pp. 203-210). (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 746). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.746.203