Effect of solution treatment on microstructure and corrosion behaviour of Mg-9Al-1Zn alloys

R. Naldi, A. Anawati

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The effect of solution treatment on the microstructure and corrosion behavior of cast Mg-9Al-1Zn (AZ91) were studied by using electro-optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique, and weight loss method. The solution treatment was done at 415°C for 2 h followed by a water quench. The as-cast AZ91 alloy composed of α-Mg phase and β-phase (Mg17Al12). Most of the β-phase was segregated along the grain boundaries. A significant reduction in the volume fraction of β-phase was obtained as a result of solution treatment. The β-phase precipitate was distributed randomly both at grain boundaries and in the grain interior as discrete particles of a few μm sizes. The solution treatment induced grain growth resulting in a significantly larger equiaxed grain in the range 100-500 μm. A higher corrosion rate was obtained for the solution treated alloy than the untreated one. The β-phase precipitate played a dual role in the corrosion of AZ91 alloy depending on its volume fraction in the alloy. A nearly continuous distribution of β-phase along grain boundaries in the as-cast alloy served as a barrier for corrosion across grain while the distribution of discrete particles in the solution-treated alloy accelerated corrosion in the surrounding matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012008
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2019
Event2nd International Seminar on Metallurgy and Materials, ISMM 2018 - Tangerang Selatan, Indonesia
Duration: 25 Sep 201826 Sep 2018


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