Effect of Sodium Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate as Anionic Surfactant on Water based Carbon Nanofluid Performance as Quench Medium in Heat Treatment

L. Oktavio, C. A. Ramadhani, D. Rakhman, S. Harjanto, W. N. Putra

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Quenching is performed as part of steel heat-treatment to enhance mechanical properties, by rapid cooling. Factors that affect the selection of quench medium are hardenability of material, geometry, and dimensions of the component. In recent developments, nanofluids are used to improve heat transfer capacity. In this research, nanofluids were synthesized using the two-step method. Milling of particles was done using a high energy ball mill for 15 hours at 500 rpm. Observation of particle size, material composition, and morphology of particle, and surface changes of the particle were measured by Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE- SEM), and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDX). Water-based nanofluids with a volume of 100ml were produced using the two-step method, with carbon concentrations of 0.1%, and 0.5% and Sodium Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate concentrations of 0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%. Samples of S45C steels were austenized at 1000°C for 60 minutes. Hardness testing results correspond to the severity of the quenching mediums, with peak hardness of 845 HV for 0.1% Carbon with 1% SDBS, and 878 HV for 0.5% carbon with 3% SDBS. Hardness testing results show a significant improvement over results without SDBS addition. Excess surfactant addition yields a lower hardness due to the re-agglomeration of particles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012009
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume622
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2019
Event3rd Materials Research Society of Indonesia Meeting, MRS-Id 2018 - Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 31 Jul 20182 Aug 2018

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of Sodium Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate as Anionic Surfactant on Water based Carbon Nanofluid Performance as Quench Medium in Heat Treatment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this