Effect of size variation on microbubble mass transfer coefficient in flotation and aeration processes

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28 Citations (Scopus)


Microbubble technology dramatically raises the efficiency of the flotation and aeration processes of water treatment plants (WTPs), which see extensive use in developed countries. A local institution, Indonesia Water Institute, has tried to investigate microbubble technology intended for lab-scale WTP. However, the current reactor system does not yet meet the microbubble criteria, especially as it has had few investigations of its abilities in flotation and aeration. This study aims to analyze the effect of size variations that affect the rising velocity and mass transfer coefficient (kLa) of aeration contact time. Three local spargers were used to produce microbubbles. Bubble diameters were measured optically and analyzed using ImageJ software. The dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration was measured every minute using an automated sensor so that the kLa could be determined. Of the three spargers, the smallest bubble size was produced by the vortex type with an average bubble diameter of 89 μm and the slowest rising velocity of 17.67 m/h. It also yielded the highest kLa of 0.297/min, which gave an aeration contact time of 3.64 minutes. The experimental uses of three local spargers revealed that the smaller the microbubble diameter, the higher the mass transfer coefficient in flotation and aeration processes. This research can be the basis for developing microbubble technology for WTP in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere03748
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


  • Aeration
  • Chemical engineering
  • Environmental chemical engineering
  • Environmental science
  • Flotation
  • Green engineering
  • Mass transfer coefficient
  • Microbubble
  • Rising velocity
  • Water pollution
  • Water treatment


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