Effect of Silicon on Corrosion Behaviour of Al-Zn As A Low Voltage Sacrificial Anode for Marine Environment

Yudha Pratesa, Ahmad A. Utama, Ardi Erianto, Deni Ferdian

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A sacrificial anode is a method for material protection in the sea and coastal area. This method is widely applied in marine, subsea and ship structure. Al-Zn-In, a commercial grade of the sacrificial anode had a weakness in the possibility of stress corrosion cracking due to overprotection. This study tried to substitute indium with silicon as the alloying element with composition 0.5% and 1% wt. However, commercial grade Al ingot contained trace elements such as iron in the significant amount, which could make a β-Al9Fe2Si2 as an iron-rich intermetallic phase. Therefore, this study will also examine the effect of β-Al9Fe2Si2 on alloys corrosion behavior. The alloy was produced through casting process with resistance furnace. Corrosion behavior was characterized by cyclic polarization in 3.5% NaCl solution. Microstructure characterization was performed using Scanning Electron Microscope, Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy, and optical metallography. The result showed that the silicon increases the corrosion rate of Aluminum Zinc (Al-Zn) and reduced the potential protection of the alloy in high strength steel. Our research showed the corrosion took place along the interdendritic area where the β-Al9Fe2Si2 intermetallic phase formed in a micro galvanic manner.

Keywords

  • Aluminum
  • Low Voltage
  • Marine Corrosion
  • Sacrificial Anode
  • Ship Maintenance

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