Many parameters are involved in reduction process but carbon availability, process temperature and process time hold the role. This research conducted to find the relation effects of three main factors mention previously. This research used lateritic rocks from Sebuku Island as the iron source and coal as carbon source. Particle size with the highest Fe content is used for reduction process. Variations in reduction process made in mass ratio, process temperature, and process time. The mass ratios are 1:4 and 1:5. The process temperatures are 900°C and 1000°C. Process times are 10, 20, and 30 minutes. Characterization process used XRD and XRF. The results show that carbon availability is important and combinations of higher carbon supplies and process temperature are able to prevent further oxidation.