Effect of redox gradients on Cu and Zn concentrations in water of Blanakan River, West Java

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Metal concentrations in water threat adjacent ecosystems due to the potential of metal mobilization and the subsequent uptake into water. Here, contents of heavy metals Cu and Zn were determined for river waters. We used factorial analysis (FA) to determine the metal contents in relation to environmental factors such as redox potential (Eh), dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, salinity, temperature and turbidity in the Blanakan river. The Zn was ranging from 0.44 to 2.13 mg/L. The FA categorized Zn with salinity and temperature. Meanwhile, the Cu was ranging from 0.02 to 0.05 mg/L. The FA categorized Cu with Eh, turbidity, DO and pH. Such discrepancy in metal concentrations highlighted that redox gradient has more effects on Cu than Zn. Respectively, decrease of Eh from-38 to-41 mV can increase the Cu up to 0.05 mg/L. Correlation of Eh with Cu contents indicating that Cu was influenced by terrestrial inputs. Conversely, correlation of temperature and salinity with Zn contents indicating that Zn was influenced by aquatic inputs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012002
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2020
EventInternational Conference on Tropical Limnology 2019, Troplimno 2019 - Bogor, Indonesia
Duration: 28 Aug 201929 Aug 2019


  • gradients
  • Heavy metals
  • redox


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