Effect of primary balloon angioplasty on draining vein diameter and volume flow in patients with arteriovenous fistula: A cohort study

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Abstract

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) cause major morbidity and mortality in 10% of the global population with CKD. The most common renal replacement therapy is hemodialysis with arteriovenous fistula (AVF) access. AVF often undergoes maturation failure due to feeding artery and draining vein inadequacy. Mechanical dilatation, such as primary balloon angioplasty (PBA), can overcome AVF maturation failure. The volume flow (VF) and diameter of the draining veins in AVF patients must be known to evaluate the effect of PBA on AVF maturation. This study aims to analyze the impact of PBA on VF and draining vein diameter in ESKD patients undergoing AVF surgery. Methods: A retrospective cohort clinical trial was conducted at our institution. A total of 75 participants had AVF with an arterial diameter >1.5 mm or vein diameter at the AVF creation site of 2–4 mm. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: the intervention group undergoing PBA (n = 36) and the control group, without PBA (n = 39). PBA was performed using a Mustang ballon (3–6 mm, Medtronic). Follow-ups were conducted at 1 week, 2 weeks, and 6 weeks after AVF creation. Results: Based on the data, the diameter and VF of the draining veins were significantly larger in the intervention group than in the control group (p < 0.001). Furthermore, we found significant differences in the mean diameter and VF of the draining veins between the control and intervention groups at all stages of examination, from preoperatively to 6 weeks postoperatively (p < 0.001). The strength of the analysis was more than 80%. Conclusion: PBA can increase the diameter and VF of the draining veins in patients with AVF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104426
JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
Volume81
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Arteriovenous fistula
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Primary balloon angioplasty
  • Retrospective cohort study

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