Effect of povidone iodine and hydrogen peroxide on fracture healing: A histomorphometric study on rats

Kurniadi Husodo, Achmad Fauzi Kamal, Achmad Aulia Yusuf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. To evaluate the effect of povidone iodine and hydrogen peroxide on fracture healing in a rat model. Methods. The middle section of the right femur of 36 male Sprague Dawley rats was osteotomised with a saw. In the control group (n=9), the wound was irrigated with 100 ml 0.9% saline. In the 10% povidone iodine (n=9), 1% povidone iodine (n=9), and 3% hydrogen peroxide (n=9) groups, the wound was completely soaked with the respective solution for 2 minutes, and then irrigated with 100 ml saline. The osteotomy was fixed with an intramedullary Kirschner wire. Rats were euthanised at week 1, 2, and 5. In each femur, the percentage area of osseous, cartilaginous, and fibrous tissue in the callus was evaluated in 3 slides (one median and 2 paramedian). Results. The control group differed significantly to the other 3 groups (p=0.023 to p<0.001) in weeks 1, 2, and 5, except for the 1% povidone iodine group in terms of percentage of osseous (p=0.349) and fibrous (p=0.999) tissue. The healing process was similar in the 1% povidone iodine group and the control group, whereas healing was impaired in the 10% povidone iodine group and 3% hydrogen peroxide group, as indicated by the lower percentage of osseous tissue, higher percentage of fibrous tissue, and increased percentage of cartilaginous tissue between weeks 2 and 5 (delayed bone healing). Conclusion. The 1% povidone iodine solution is recommended as the irrigation adjuvant in fracture surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-249
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Anti-infective agents
  • Fracture healing
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Local
  • Povidone-iodine

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