Effect of oven drying and storage on essential oil composition of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) from Toli-Toli

V. W. Murni, Endang Saefudin, Antonius Herry Cahyana, D. U.C. Rahayu, L. T. Hastuti, J. Haib

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The research about post-harvested clove is still limited especially in Indonesia, as the biggest producer of clove in the world. The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of drying process and storage on the composition of essential oil of Indonesian clove originated from Toli-Toli. The essential oil of fresh and dried clove was obtained by steam distillation and the composition of the oil was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In all of the clove oil samples, eugenol was the major component, followed by caryophyllene and acetyleugenol. The drying method used was oven drying at 50°C until clove's moisture content reaches 13±1%. During the drying process, the content of phenylpropanoids such as eugenol, isoeugenol, and chavicol increased, while esters and monoterpenes decreased. The composition of clove oil was studied from dried clove after oven drying, then stored in the laboratory at room temperature for 4 months. There was slightly change on clove oil composition after 4 months of storage. The content of major components of clove like eugenol was higher while acetyleugenol was lower after 4 months of storage.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016
EditorsKiki Ariyanti Sugeng, Djoko Triyono, Terry Mart
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415362
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2017
Event2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016 - Depok, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Nov 20162 Nov 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1862
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016
CountryIndonesia
CityDepok, Jawa Barat
Period1/11/162/11/16

Keywords

  • Chemical composition
  • Drying process
  • Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
  • Steam distillation
  • Storage
  • Syzygium aromaticum

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of oven drying and storage on essential oil composition of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) from Toli-Toli'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Murni, V. W., Saefudin, E., Cahyana, A. H., Rahayu, D. U. C., Hastuti, L. T., & Haib, J. (2017). Effect of oven drying and storage on essential oil composition of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) from Toli-Toli. In K. A. Sugeng, D. Triyono, & T. Mart (Eds.), International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016 [030084] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1862). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4991188