Effect of nanofibril cellulose isolated from pineapple leaf on the mechanical properties of chitosan film

B. Amalia, Cuk Imawan, A. Listyarini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanocellulose has crystalline domains and can be extracted from renewable cellulosic sources. They are commonly used to increase mechanical properties of the biodegradable polymer films. This paper reports a new nanofibrillar cellulose (NFC) isolated from pineapple leaf fiber to be used as a filler in chitosan matrix to yield nanocomposite films. For preparing the composite, the NFC was added to chitosan solution at various concentrations (1 %, 3 %, 5 %, 7 % and 10 % w/w dry basis of the chitosan) and then to form a film, the solution was casted. Mechanical properties of the composite films, such as water vapor transmission rate, crystallinity, and morphology were investigated. The XRD result shows that the addition of nanocellulose fiber was effective in increasing the crystallinity and also increase the tensile strength of the composite films. The incorporation of the NFC in chitosan matrix also improves the water vapour barrier. These results indicate that the addition of nanofibrillar cellulose (NFC) isolated from pineapple leaf fiber can improve mechanical properties of the chitosan film and the resulted composite film is potentially used for a biodegradable plastic packaging application.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2017, ISCPMS 2017
EditorsRatna Yuniati, Terry Mart, Ivandini T. Anggraningrum, Djoko Triyono, Kiki A. Sugeng
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417410
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Oct 2018
Event3rd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2017, ISCPMS 2017 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 26 Jul 201727 Jul 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2023
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2017, ISCPMS 2017
CountryIndonesia
CityBali
Period26/07/1727/07/17

Keywords

  • biodegradable
  • chitosan
  • composite
  • crystallinity
  • new nanofibrillar cellulose
  • pineapple leaf fiber
  • tensile strength

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