Effect of NaCl addition on nano rosette TiO2 crystal growth during hydrothermal deposition

Nofrijon Sofyan, Aga Ridhova, Marshall C. Sianturi, Akhmad Herman Yuwono

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The effect of NaCl on the crystal growth of nano rosette TiO2 hydrothermally grown on a glass substrate was examined. Nano rosette TiO2 was synthesized through deposition on a glass substrate via hydrothermal reaction at 170°C for 6 hours. The effect of NaCl on nano rosette TiO2 crystal growth during the hydrothermal process was observed through the addition of concentrations of 0, 2.5, 5, and 10% v/v NaCl to the mixture of the precursors. Formation and growth of the crystal were characterized using X-ray diffraction, whereas morphology was examined using a scanning electron microscope. X-ray diffractograms revealed that the crystal belonged to rutile P42/mnm with lattice parameters of a = 4.557(6) A and c = 2.940(5) A. Morphology of the reaction product showed that the addition of NaCl inhibited the crystal growth of nano rosette TiO2 with an average rosette petal cross-sectional size 80% smaller than that of the crystal grown with no NaCl addition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1235-1242
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Technology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019



  • Hydrothermal
  • Nano rosette
  • Nanoscale
  • Sodium chloride
  • Titanium dioxide

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