Effect of health education on mother's knowledge to the length of hospital stay of children with pneumonia in Jakarta

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Pneumonia is the most common reason for parents to send their children for hospitalization. Currently, parents still lack knowledge on the proper management of sick children during hospitalization. It causes longer stay of children with pneumonia. This study aimed to identify the effects of giving health education through video and leaflet on mother's knowledge and their children's length of stay in three general hospitals in Jakarta region. Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental study with pretest and posttest nonequivalent control group design. Health education was given to 64 mothers, 32 of them received it through video, while the other 32 received it through a leaflet. All respondents received health education in three days since their children were admitted. Data was collected through a self-reported questionnaire. Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney, and t-Test were used for data analysis. Result: This study showed mother's knowledge increased in both groups, however, the median difference of pretest-posttest on video group was higher than the leaflet one. Median difference value in video group was 8, and for leaflet group was 6 (p<.001). Children's length of stay in the video group was shorter than those in the leaflet group (p<.001). Conclusions: Health education through video has a higher impact on increasing mother's knowledge and decreasing children's length of stay as compared through the use of leaflets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-86
Number of pages6
JournalPhilippine Journal of Nursing
Volume91
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • children
  • health education
  • length of stay
  • mother's knowledge
  • pneumonia

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