Effect of Grain Size on Mechanical and Creep Rupture Properties of 253 MA Austenitic Stainless Steel

Mochammad Syaiful Anwar, Robert R. Widjaya, Leonardo Bayu Adi Prasetya, Abdul Aziz Arfi, Efendi Mabruri, Eddy S. Siradj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of grain size on the mechanical properties and creep rupture of 253 microalloyed (MA) austenitic stainless steel (ASS) was investigated. The cold rolling process with a 53% reduction in thickness was applied to the steel followed by annealing at 1100 C over 0, 900, 1800, and 3600 s to obtain grain sizes of 32.4, 34.88, 40.35, and 43.77 µm, respectively. Uniaxial tensile and micro-Vickers hardness tests were carried out to study the effect of grain size on mechanical properties at room temperature. The creep rupture test was performed at 700 C under a load of 150 MPa. The results showed that there was a correlation between grain size, mechanical properties, and creep rupture time. The fine initial grain size showed relatively good mechanical properties with a short creep rupture time, while the coarse initial grain size produced low mechanical properties with a long creep rupture time. The initial grain size of 40.35 µm was the optimum grain size for a high value of creep rupture time due to the low hardness and elongation values at room temperature and low creep ductility value. The intergranular fracture was found on the initial grain size below 40.35 µm, and a mixed mode of intergranular and transgranular fracture was found on the initial grain size above 40.35 µm after the creep rupture test.

Original languageEnglish
Article number820
JournalMetals
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • 253 MA
  • austenitic stainless steel
  • creep rupture
  • grain size
  • mechanical properties

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